Japan is an island nation in the Pacific Ocean with high-rise-filled cities, imperial palaces, mountainous national parks and thousands of shrines and temples. Tokyo, the crowded capital, is known for its neon skyscrapers and pop culture. In contrast, Kyoto offers Buddhist temples, Shinto shrines, gardens and cherry blossoms. From the majestic cone of Mt Fuji, to the pine islets of Matsushima, Japan has a natural grandeur, both subtle and dramatic. The island nation has active and dormant volcanoes. The lakes, seas and the nature of changing seasons all draw visitors to these natural attractions.